Cat history is not like regular history: no one really
knows how and when the domestic cat first appeared on earth, although
there are many theories. However, there is reason to believe that
cats were domesticated by man about 5,000 years ago. The first
written reference to cats occurred in Egypt where the cat goddess-,
Bastet (or Pasht), was worshiped. Bastet was seen as a human figure
on a totem pole with the head of a cat.
Cat worship by the Egyptians went on for centuries, and cat figurines
adorned with jewelry and other finery have been found in Egypt's
In fact, cats were so revered that the penalty was heavy for
Egyptians who were caught killing them. When a cat died, it wasn't
unusual for human members of a household to cut off their eyebrows
to show their grief.
Cats, like many human beings of that time, were mummified. And
even more amazing, archeologists have found mummified mice buried
along with the cats to provide food in the afterlife. In those
days a human funeral cost the equivalent of $1,500; a cat funeral
amounted to about $500!
Cats also were worshiped in other countries. In China during
the Hsia, Shang, and Chou dynasties (from 2205 to 225 B.C.), sacrificial
rites and theatrical ceremonies were held in their honor and,
like the Egyptians, a stiff penalty was imposed for their destruction.
Since the beginning of time, cats have played a significant role
in the history of man. Cat clans in the Teutonic and Celtic countries
proudly used the animals as emblems for their banners. Roman soldiers
displayed cat figures on their shields, as did soldiers of other
nationalities, including the Norsemen, forerunners of the Scandinavian
people. The Norse goddess Freya is often shown in a chariot drawn
by two cats. Norse maidens were married on Freya's day (Friday)
if at all possible. If the sun shone during the ceremony, it was
said that the maiden had taken good care of the cat and fed it
Cats spread throughout the world when soldiers and sailors adopted
them as mascots to serve as rat-killers aboard ship. How important
they were to the seagoing world is shown by such terms as catwalk,
meaning a high, narrow passageway; cat-head, where the ship's
anchor was hoisted; and cat-o'-nine-tails, a whip with which sailors
From "Cats and Kittens"
by Jane Rockwell